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  • International Chair 2021 : Andrew Nevins - "Contrast and Prominence in South American phonologies"

    We will welcome Professor Andrew Nevins (University College London (UK)) for a series of four seminars on the theme "Contrast and Prominence in South American phonologies: New Patterns, New Models". These seminars will take place on Fridays September 17 and 24 - October 01 and 08 from 2:00 pm to 4:00 pm (possible change in October from 4:00 pm to 6:00 pm - To be confirmed) at the ILPGA, 19 rue des Bernardins 75005 Paris - Salle Rousselot. Abstract : This seminar series offers a set of empirically novel data that can lead to revisions and refinements of our models of the phonetics-phonology interface. Specifically, they demonstrate that the overall phonological structure of a given language system can influence that extent to which particular phonetic cues are recruited to enhance perception, and that contrarily, the perceptual robustness of particular cues can influence the shape of phonological distributions. Data from the Maxakal´ı spoken language and from a village signed lan- guage within its community will form the core of two blocks of lectures, both of which are intimately related to the diverse ways that the same elements may serve distinct roles of dispersion and contrast, depending on the nature of the underlying system. Lectures 1-2: Nasality: Enhancement, Position, and Place of Articulation We propose that contour nasals such as [mb,mb] come from three principal sources. One source, articula- torily driven, comes from underlying voiced stops, as nasal venting in order to sustain voicing. The other, perceptually driven, comes from underlying nasal consonants, as shielding next to contrastively oral vow- els. Although both of these first processes are phonetically well motivated, we argue that the contoured allophones specifically arise in languages in which systemic or phonotactic restrictions allow for easy re- coverability of the corresponding underlying segment. Finally, we present a few cases of contour nasals in preconsonantal contexts that seem to be neither venting nor shielding, and suggest that these arise due to place-of-articulation enhancement in clusters, arguably behind intrusive nasals in cases like Spanish rambla (< ramla). We offer diagnostics for distinguishing nasal venting from shielding and present case studies from South American languages in which understanding such phenomena as enhancement involves analyt- ical commitments to what is contrastive in the language. We then present a maximum entropy model of loanword adaptation for nasal harmonization in languages that borrow from Portuguese, which has nasality but with no onset-vowel dependencies. Lectures 3-4: Contrast and Dispersion in Handshapes in a Village Sign Language We provide an analysis of the distribution of handshapes on the dominant and non-dominant hand in the incipient village sign language found in the Maxakal´ı community in Brazil. The most frequent handshapes reflect tendencies in choosing from the crosslinguistically unmarked set of handshapes, and are particularly well-suited to quantitative analyses of handshape complexity found in models such as Ann (2006) and Brentari (2003), in addition to favouring a core set chosen from the most maximally dispersed handshapes. This in fact suggests that emergent sign languages, no matter how young, show quantitative correlations between token frequency and articulatory complexity, despite tendencies that they may have otherwise to be iconically referential. We demonstrate that these trends hold for the non-dominant hand as well, an element of sign language phonologies with no analogue in the spoken domain. Finally, we demonstrate how allophonic thumb extension can be understood as contrast enhancement in signed languages, leading to a visual analogue of acoustic prominence.

  • Vox 3 : Prosody - The music of language

    Speaking does not consist in linking words mechanically. In order to structure our speech, and to make ourselves better understood, we instinctively give rhythm to our speech. This melody of language, which varies according to the language, is called prosody. Far from the simple rhythm of speech, prosody informs us about the linguistic universe that lives within each of us. The art of the accent makes it possible to give meaning beyond words, to transmit the singularity of our language, or to offer a doorway to the regional particularities that are expressed through our speech. To better understand prosody, we discussed with Mariapaola D'Imperio, Distinguished Professor at Rutgers University (USA) and guest of the Labex EFL in the framework of its International Chair. 🎵 Enjoy your listening! 🔊 https://podcast.ausha.co/vox-bilinguisme-apprentissage-des-langues-et-fenetre-sur-le-monde/prosodie-la-musique-du-langage

  • Training or thematic conversion grants: 4th call

    As part of its "Training" component, Labex EFL is launching a new call for applications for "Training or thematic conversion scholarships". This support aims to facilitate the access of doctoral students, researchers and teacher-researchers to high-level international summer schools in the scientific field of Labex EFL delivering a certification (eg. LSA, ESSLLI). Primarily aimed at doctoral students from one of the Labex EFL's partner institutions (Université Sorbonne Nouvelle, Université de Paris, Université Sorbonne Paris Nord, INALCO), these scholarships may also be of benefit to Labex members who wish to learn about new methodologies and/or themes in order to reorient their research. The Labex EFL can finance face-to-face or online training. Eligible expenses in the context of this support may include all or part of : - the cost of registration fees - accommodation costs - transportation costs - visa costs - meal costs (up to 15 euros/day - only if meals are not covered by the school) The selection criteria are as follows: The excellence of the training program offered by the school. the delivery of a certification by the school. the relevance of the link between the summer school and the research themes of the Labex EFL. 1. Constitution of the applications Applications must include : the applicant's CV (maximum 5 pages). the detailed program of the summer school, including the type of certification delivered. the candidate's registration certificate for the summer school (if the candidate is already registered). an argument written by the candidate in the form of a letter specifying the relevance of this training for his/her personal research project and within the framework of the Labex EFL scientific program. a letter of support written by the director of the laboratory or by the director of the team to which the candidate belongs and guaranteeing that the certificate received by the candidate will be provided to the Labex EFL project manager at the end of the summer school. a detailed provisional budget specifying, if possible, other funding already obtained and/or requested for participation in the summer school. an excel table attached, duly completed. 2. Submission of applications Applications for training grants should be sent to the project manager Christel Préterre (christel.preterre@sorbonne-nouvelle.fr), with a copy to the training manager Emmanuel Cartier (emmanuel.cartier@lipn.univ-paris13.fr). This call for applications will close on Wednesday 15 September 2021 (midnight). The selection will be made by the Restricted Scientific Council of Labex EFL. 3. Payment of the grant to the beneficiaries The amount of the scholarship will be paid directly to your bank account approximately one month after the positive vote of the CSR on your application, once the certificate of registration to the school has been given to the project manager Christel Préterre. Note: The winner is the one who directly incurs the expenses (e.g.: we will not pay the registration fees on your behalf). The candidate must make sure that he/she specifies in his/her application whether the registration fees have been paid or not (the fact that they have not yet been paid at the time of the response to the call is not a problem but this information must be given). 4. Obligations of grant holders towards the Labex The EFL grant holder and the director of the laboratory or team to which the grant holder belongs undertake to provide the Labex EFL project manager at the end of the summer school with the certificate of participation or validation issued by the summer school a summary of a few lines on the summer school accompanied by a photo of the winner to be published on the Training page of the Labex EFL website. Labex EFL leaves the responsibility of organizing their stay abroad (transportation, accommodation, health or other insurance, etc.) to the scholarship recipients.

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  • Laboratoire de recherche en linguistique | Labex EFL

    Labex EFL Depuis 2011, le Labex EFL rassemble des équipes pluridisciplinaires dans le domaine de la linguistique afin de dépasser les frontières de la recherche traditionnelle et produire de nouvelles connaissances. Découvrir le Labex BabyLab Expérience EEG Exposition Bilinguisme BabyLab 1/7 Nos dernières actualités 4ème appel : Bourses de formation ou de conversion thématique 3ème APPEL 2021 Financement de colloques/journées d'études/Formations intensives Programme de notre Symposium 2021 Recrutement : post doc ou ingénieur spécialisé en traitement de données linguistiques Soutenance de thèse - Julie Marsault : "Valency-changing operations in Umóⁿhoⁿ" Position postdoctorale (1 ou 2 ans) au Labex EFL Toutes les actualités Offres d'emploi Professeurs Invités Vie du Labex EFL Nos Axes de Recherche Axe 1 : Complexité Phonétique et Phonologique Découvrir Axe 2 : Grammaire Expérimentale dans une perspective Crosslinguistique Découvrir Axe 3 : Typologie et Dynamique des systèmes linguistiques Découvrir Labex EFL TV Axe 5 : Analyse Sémantique Computationnelle Découvrir Axe 4 : Représentation et Traitement du Langage dans une perspective "Livespan" Découvrir Vox -Podcast du Labex EFL Vox 3 : Prosodie - La musique du langage Parler ne consiste pas à enchainer les mots machinalement. Afin de structurer notre discours, et mieux nous faire comprendre, nous...

  • Professeurs Invités | Labex EFL

    Professeurs Invités Dans le cadre de l’appel Chaire Internationale du Labex EFL, une dizaine de professeurs ou de chercheurs de haut niveau ayant un rayonnement international, spécialisés dans un des domaines de recherche du Labex, peuvent se voir attribuer chaque année une chaire Labex EFL. Les bénéficiaires de la chaire sont accueillis par une des équipes partenaires du Labex pendant 4 semaines et peuvent profiter de son environnement. Ils participent à la vie de cette équipe ou de plusieurs laboratoires du Labex pendant la durée de leur séjour et peuvent notamment être sollicités pour échanger avec les doctorants du Labex EFL. Ils assurent un séminaire hebdomadaire de deux heures, de niveau doctoral, sur un sujet de recherche contribuant significativement au projet EFL. ​ Chaire Internationale 2021 – Calendrier Prévisionnel (à reconfirmer et affiner en fonction de la situation sanitaire) Précédents Professeurs Invités il y a une heure Chaire Internationale 2021 : Andrew Nevins - "Contrast and Prominence in South American phonologies" Nous accueillerons à partir du 17 septembre 2021 le professeur Andrew Nevins (University College London (UK)) pour une série de quatre... 10 févr. 2020 Chaire Internationale 2020 – Yvan Rose : « Acquisition de la phonétique et phonologie en langu Nous accueillons à partir du 21 avril le professeur Yvan Rose (Memorial University of Newfoundland (Canada)) pour une série de quatre... 15 oct. 2019 Chaire Internationale 2019 – Daniel Lassiter : « Modals, conditionals, and probabilistic gener Nous accueillons à partir du 25 novembre 2019 le professeur Daniel Lassiter (Stanford University (USA)) pour une série de quatre... 18 sept. 2019 Chaire Internationale 2019 – Susanne Fuchs : « An embodied and situated perspective on speech [et_pb_section fb_built= »1″ _builder_version= »3.22″ _i= »0″ _address= »0″][et_pb_row _builder_version= »3.25″... 12 sept. 2019 Chaire Internationale 2019 – David Schlangen : « Concepts, Composition and Conversational Coor Ces séminaires se dérouleront à l’Université Paris Diderot – Bâtiment Olympes de Gouge – 8 rue Albert Einstein – 75013 Paris de 16h00 à... 29 avr. 2019 Chaire Internationale 2019 – Sandro Sessarego : « The Afro-Hispanic Varieties : Their Theoriti [et_pb_section bb_built= »1″ admin_label= »section » _builder_version= »3.0.47″][et_pb_row admin_label= »row » _builder_version= »3.0.47″... 4 avr. 2019 Chaire Internationale 2019 : Professeur Josep Quer – « Agreement across modalities » Ces séminaires se dérouleront les jeudis 9, 16 et 23 mai et le mercredi 29 mai de 15h00 à 17h00 à l’université Paris Diderot – bâtiment... 19 mars 2019 Chaire internationale 2020 du Labex EFL: 8ème appel à candidatures I. Contexte et objectifs de l’appel Le Laboratoire d’excellence “Fondations empiriques de la linguistique: données, méthodes, modèles”... 13 mars 2019 Chaire Internationale 2019 – Brian Dillon « Acceptability, Decision-making and Parsing » Ces séminaires se dérouleront les lundis 20, 27 mai et 03 juin et le mardi 11 juin de 16h00 à 18h00 à l’université Paris Diderot –... 29 janv. 2019 Chaire Internationale 2019 : Professeur Tom Güldemann – « Areal linguistics in Africa before a Ces séminaires se dérouleront les mardis 19 et 26 mars et 02 et 09 avril 2019 de 16h00 à 18h00 au Campus CNRS de Villejuif – 7 rue Guy... 11 janv. 2019 Chaire Internationale 2019 : Bryan Gick – « Embodying Speech: A Catalytic Seminar Series » Ces séminaires se dérouleront les 21 et 28 mars et les 03 et 11 avril de 17h30 à 19h30 à l’ILPGA, 19 rue des Bernardins 75005 Paris –... Consulter les anciens Professeurs Invités

  • Recherche site | Labex EFL

    Rechercher dans le site Articles, informations, archives, publications, trouvez la réponse que vous cherchez en tapant votre requête ci-dessous.

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