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Strand 3 : Typology and Dynamics of Linguistic Systems

Updated: May 4, 2022

Manager : Katharina Haude (Sedyl – Inalco), co-responsable: Dmitry Idiatov (Llacan – Inalco





Strand 3 studies the diversity of the world's languages. Most of its members are field linguists with strong expertise in the description and documentation of less studied languages. Research in this area focuses on typology (i.e., the study of universals and differences found in world languages regardless of their genealogical relationship), as well as variation in space and time between geographically or genealogically related languages. These include in-depth interlinguistic analyses of particular linguistic phenomena, as well as studies of the short- and long-term effects of contact between related and unrelated languages.

Many Strand 3 projects build on the results of the first phase of LABEX-EFL, for example by using the databases created there. This empirical base will be complemented by the creation of new databases designed for quantitative and qualitative analysis, benefiting from expertise in more than 100 languages and language families.

The originality of Strand 3 lies in the interaction between the history of linguistics, historical linguistics (reconstruction of macro-families, long-term typological change), contact linguistics, linguistic documentation and typology. Research is based on qualitative and quantitative approaches (intensive use of databases and electronic corpora to evaluate theoretical problems). The increasing interoperability between all these resources and the cross-checking of hypotheses between the different approaches will provide innovative scientific perspectives.


Strand 3 Operations, 2020-2024


  1. GRAMMAR AND LEXICON IN SYNCHRONY AND DIACHRONY (GL)

GL1 Ideophones and interjections in a typological, areal and diachronic perspective

Aimée Lahaussois, Yvonne Treis

GL2 Lexical typology across time and space

Alexandre François, Lameen Souag, Martine Vanhove

GL3 Associated motion and posture

Patrick Caudal, Guillaume Jacques

GL4 Typology of inflectional systems with non-canonical inflection

Enrique L. Palancar, Sebastian Fedden

GL5 Morphosyntax in discourse

Katharina Haude, Tatiana Nikitina

GL6 Text corpora for Mande languages

Valentin Vydrin

GL7 Reconstruction, genealogy, typology and grammatical description in the world’s two biggest phyla: Niger- Congo and Austronesian

Isabelle Bril, Alexandre François, Mark van de Velde

GL8 Extended grammars

Émilie Aussant


  1. VARIATION AND CONTACT (VC)

VC1 Languages, dialects and isoglosses of West Asia

Pollet Samvelian, Anaïd Donabédian

VC2 Central Gallo-Romance : linguistics and ecology of a transitional zone

Nicolas Quint

VC3 Syntactic variation in creole languages

Stefano Manfredi, Nicolas Quint

VC4 Variation and contact between closely related languages

Isabelle Léglise, Stefano Manfredi

VC5 Towards a typology of codeswitching through multifactorial analysis of plurilingual corpora (Prolongation of former LC1)

Isabelle Léglise

Interview with Martine Vanhove, former head of Strand 3



 

1. GRAMMAR AND LEXICON IN SYNCHRONY AND DIACHRONY (GL)